Category Archives: Health

Tips when eating out in a restaurant

Eating out can be a dieter’s biggest challenge. A restaurant’s goal is to make food as tasty as possible without regard to health or calorie content. Healthy people need to be healthy food detectives when eating out.

Here is a guide on what to choose when eating out at your favorite cuisines without sacrificing your weight loss efforts.

Italian restaurant: Start with a soup, starter salad and finish with grilled fish.

Soups and salads are excellent ways to fill up at restaurants without filling up on calories. Minestrone soup is packed with filling vegetables and flavor and has 100 calories less than a cream based soup. A house salad is a great starter as well. Non-starchy vegetables are low in calories, at about 30 calories per cup, and are high in fiber and contain beneficial compounds known as phytonutrients. Be sure to ask for your dressing on the side and dip your fork first in the dressing and then in the salad.

For your main course, choose: grilled, poached or roasted fish, rather than breaded or fried, to avoid extra fat and carbohydrates. If you must have dessert, order a small portion of fresh fruit. A half-cup serving of fruit contains just 50 calories while the same serving of ice cream contains 200 calories.

Japanese restaurant: Edamame, salad, miso soup, fresh sashimi or grilled shrimp, naruto roll.

Japanese menus emphasize lean protein and vegetables. Order some edamame to snack on while you choose the rest of your meal. A half a cup of edamame has 8 grams of protein, 6 grams of fiber and only 80 calories. It will help you fill up and eat less during your meal. Choosing a seaweed or cucumber salad and a miso soup will further help you fill up on minimal calories. One sushi roll can have up to 45 grams of carbohydrates, which is equivalent to 3 slices of white bread. Try a Naruto roll, which is wrapped in cucumber instead. It will provide you with that satisfying crunch at a third of the calories and none of the carbohydrates. If you don’t like raw fish, pick a lean protein that is grilled for your main dish. Also, try eating your entire meal with chopsticks. In addition to being fun, it will slow down your eating and reduce your likelihood of overeating.

Bowel disease on rise in US

unduhan-26More than 3 million U.S. adults may have inflammatory bowel disease, according to a new government estimate. That’s nearly triple the number of some previous estimates, the researchers said.

The new estimate is based on a national survey conducted by researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Survey respondents were asked whether a doctor or other health professional had ever told them that they had either Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, which are the two types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Based on the responses, the researchers estimated that 1.3 percent of U.S. adults, or 3.1 million Americans, have IBD.

People with IBD have chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. Patients often have abdominal pain, cramping, fatigue and diarrhea. They may also have a poor quality of life, as they often have complications and need to be hospitalized or undergo surgery, the report said.

“According to this report, the prevalence of IBD is much higher than previously estimated,” said Dr. Siddharth Singh, a gastroenterologist and clinical assistant professor of medicine at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.

Knowing the true rate of IBD is important because that knowledge will help health care providers offer better “strategies for high-value care” to patients with the condition, Singh told Live Science. It will also help researchers understand the impact of this condition on the health care system, he said.

The report additionally found that IBD is more common in some groups, including adults ages 45 and older, Hispanics, non-Hispanic whites, and adults with less than a high school level of education.

“For a disease traditionally thought to affect young adults, it is surprising to see a high prevalence of [IBD] in older adults,” Singh said. The report found that 1.5 percent of adults ages 45 to 64, and 1.7 percent of adults ages 65 and older said they had been diagnosed with IBD.

In the new report, the researchers looked at data gathered in 2015 during the CDC’s annual National Health Interview Survey. In this survey, researchers conduct in-person interviews with participants from across the U.S. about a broad range of health topics.

Previous estimates of IBD prevalence in the U.S. have come from surveys done in limited geographic areas, or from health care claims data. For example, a study published in 2013 used claims data from 12 million people and estimated that 1.2 million U.S. adults had IBD. A 2007 study, based on the residents of one county in Minnesota, estimated that, nationally, 1.1 million people had the disease.

How much less time

unduhan-27People who want to keep weight off are often told to exercise more, but simply spending less time sitting down, and more time doing light activities, like taking a stroll around the office, may also help people maintain their weight loss, a new study suggests.

In the study, researchers analyzed information from 30 people who had lost at least 30 pounds (13.6 kilograms) and kept it off for at least a year. The study also included 33 people whose weight was in the normal range, and 27 people who were overweight or obese.

All participants wore an activity-tracking device for one week. The small, rectangular device, called ActivPAL, sticks to the skin on the thigh, and is particularly good at distinguishing when people are standing versus sitting or lying down, said study researcher Danielle Ostendorf, a doctoral candidate in epidemiology at the Colorado School of Public Health, who presented the findings here this week at the meeting of the American Public Health Association. (The device is known as an inclinometer, which measures the angle or tilt of an object.)

The study found that the people who had maintained their weight loss were more active than both the normal-weight and overweight participants. Overall, the weight-loss maintainers walked more than 12,000 steps per day, on average, compared with about 9,000 a day for normal-weight participants and about 7,000 a day for overweight participants. [The Best Way to Keep Weight Off]

The weight-loss maintainers also spent about 40 minutes per day doing some type of moderate to vigorous physical activity, compared with 17 minutes per day for normal-weight participants and 9 minutes per day for overweight participants. (Examples of moderate to vigorous activities include things running, brisk walking or biking.)

Giving birth may make your cells older

unduhan-25Women who give birth may be biologically “older” than women who don’t, a new study suggests.

For the study, the researchers analyzed information from 1,556 U.S. women ages 20 to 44 who took part in a national survey from 1999 to 2002, which involved giving blood samples.

The researchers looked at the genetic material inside the women’s cells, specifically the length of their telomeres. These are caps on the ends of chromosomes that protect the chromosomes from damage. Telomeres naturally shorten as people age, but the structures don’t shorten at the same rate in every person. The longer a person’s telomeres are, the more times their cells could hypothetically still divide, research has shown. Thus, telomeres are considered a marker of biological age — that is, the age of a person’s cells, rather than the individual’s chronological age.

Women in the survey who said they’d given birth to at least one child had telomeres that were about 4 percent shorter, on average, than those of women who’d never given birth. The findings held even after the researchers took into account other factors that could affect telomere length, including the women’s chronological age, body mass index and smoking habits.

These findings suggest that a “history of live birth may be associated with shorter telomeres,” the researchers wrote in their abstract, which was presented this week at the meeting of the American Public Health Association in Denver.

The study was not designed to determine the reason behind the link, the researchers said. But one hypothesis is that having children increases stress levels, and high stress has been linked with shorter telomeres, the scientists said.

“It is possible that pregnancy, birth and child-rearing can induce chronic stress, leading to shorter telomere length perhaps through an inflammatory pathway,” study researcher Anna Pollack, an assistant professor and environmental and reproductive epidemiologist at George Mason University, in Fairfax, Virginia, told Live Science. However, because the survey was conducted at a single point in time, the researchers cannot determine which came first in the women’s lives — giving birth or having shorter telomeres, Pollack said. It’s also possible that for some yet-unknown reason, women with shorter telomeres are more likely than women with longer ones to have children, Pollack said.

More studies are needed that follow women over time and measure the length of their telomeres before, during and after pregnancy, she said.

Fashion show after cancer battle

An 8-year-old recently declared cancer-free will walk in an upcoming fashion show on Saturday to benefit the National Pediatric Cancer Foundation. Mia Furrer, who underwent four months of aggressive treatment after being diagnosed with stage 3 Hodgkin’s lymphoma, will take the stage dressed as a nurse, which is what she wants to be when she grows up, WSOC-TV reported.

“It’s my favorite career because I want to help other children who are just like me,” Furrer told the news station.

She’ll be one of eight children participating in the Charlotte Fashion Funds the Cure, which will also include models from Dillard’s. Mia’s mother, Marianna, said the show is important for daughter because she wants to instill pride in her.

“I just want her to be confident,” Marianna told WSOC-TV. “It’s OK to lose hair, lose weight. Not everyone is the ideal child, but I want her to know she can be herself.”

he amount of calories required for the involuntary processes in a body at rest is called the basal metabolic rate, and it accounts for around 70 percent of our daily caloric expenditures. The BMR varies for each person based on sex, age, genetics, and physical stature; people with more muscle or larger builds typically require a higher BMR to maintain a healthy weight. The remaining 30 percent of calories are burned through the thermic effect of food, which involves not only our obvious physical activities but also the process or digesting, absorbing, and transporting food through the body.

In order to boost our metabolism, we need “active foods” like fiber-rich whole grains, and lean proteins — things that will cause your body to expend more energy to process and store the calories through a process known as dietary-induced thermogenesis. Many dieters believe that dropping their caloric intake is the key to weight loss, but the body is highly adaptable; the body will actually slow down its metabolic rate to compensate for a decrease in calories. Therefore, in order to lose weight, you need to consume foods that require more energy to process.

Possibly exposed to Ebola from pigs

An employee in a high-level Canadian laboratory may have been accidentally exposed to the Ebola virus on Monday after working with pigs who were infected with the virus as part of an experiment, government officials said on Tuesday.

Men will now have the perfect response the next time someone tells them to watch their language around ladies. A new study finds women—British women, at least—are more likely to utter the F-bomb than men.

Surprised? Researchers aren’t. As part of a larger study of the English language to be completed in 2018, they surveyed 376 people and found women said “f—” 167 times out of every million words in the early 1990s, while men said the word 1,000 times per million words.

As of 2014, however, female use of the word had jumped more than 300% to 546 times per million words, while men cut their use nearly in half, to 540 times per million words, Refinery29 reports, per the Times, which labels women the “swearer sex.” Women are also more likely than men to say “sh–,” say researchers at Lancaster University and Cambridge University Press.

This was also the case in the 1990s, when women said the swear word four times as often as men. But today women say “sh–” 10 times as often as men.

“It looks like there were a set of men who said [the f-word] a lot in the nineties and they influenced the women to do it, and then it leveled,” says a researcher, who credits advances in equality with overturning the idea that “there are things which men and women should or should not say.” “Gentlemanly behavior and ladylike language is becoming something of the past.” Don’t swear? The Telegraph has seven reasons why you should start.

Followed by PTSD

Many women report feeling isolated and alone after experiencing a miscarriage, and now research out of Imperial College London finds that many who suffer one fulfill the diagnostic criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Reporting in the journal BMJ Open, the researchers noted their survey of 113 women who had experienced early pregnancy loss “surprised” them: The researchers found 38% of those women met the criteria for probably PTSD three months after their loss.

Those women who suffered a miscarriage versus an ectopic pregnancy, where the fetus develops outside the womb, were more likely to report PTSD symptoms at that point: 45% to 18%, respectively.

Distressing or frightening events can trigger PTSD, which can involve flashbacks, nightmares, or intrusive thoughts and is often characterized by anger, depression, or insomnia. New York magazine notes that 40% of the women said the symptoms impacted their relationships, and 33% said it affected their work.

“At the moment there is no routine follow-up appointment for women who have suffered a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy,” notes lead author Dr. Jessica Farren. “We have checks in place for postnatal depression,” and the research suggests the same should be true for those who experience a pregnancy loss.

Friendships be saved once election ends

To re-friend or not to re-friend? That is the question.

Social media friend lists took a serious hit during this combative presidential election when users unfriended peers that had opposing political views. Now the question is, do you re-friend those people or stay disconnected?

Renowned friendship expert Dr. Irene Levine who’s been studying the intricacies of adult friendships over the last decade, said tumultuous election cycles can permanently change the dynamic between friends.

“It can do irreparable harm to relationships… I think some people learned their friend’s values and positions in a way that wasn’t apparent before so it can really affect the relationship going forward,” the Westchester-based psychologist said.

A Monmouth University Poll backs this up— in September researchers found more than 2-in-3 voters believe this year’s presidential race has brought out the worst in people and 7 percent of voters said they’ve actually lost friends as a result.

The Gazette of Colorado Springs reports that El Paso County Public Health officials say strawberries used in margaritas at the restaurants Rancho Alegre, Mi Mexico and Guadalajara may have been contaminated with the virus.

Health officials say anyone who ate or drank strawberries at the restaurants should receive hepatitis A vaccinations. El Paso County Public Health is offering free vaccinations to anyone who doesn’t have a primary care doctor.

Argue with your young teen

The most formidable adversary in an argument may be a young teen.

Between the ages of 10 and 13, conflicts with parents surge. Children this age become more independent and begin to forge their identities. At the same time, brain development makes them more impulsive, sensation-seeking and sensitive to peer pressure. The tumult can take parents by surprise, especially because the period right before adolescence is often relatively harmonious.

For parents, learning how to effectively argue with tweens and young teens is crucial. Navigating disagreements over screen time and sleepovers sets the stage for conflicts over bigger issues—like sex and alcohol—that come up later.

Therapists say argumentative young teens are healthy ones. They are learning how to handle disagreements and advocate for their own point of view, skills that are critical for successfully navigating adult relationships. Arguments also indicate that children are separating from their parents and asserting themselves.

Distressing or frightening events can trigger PTSD, which can involve flashbacks, nightmares, or intrusive thoughts and is often characterized by anger, depression, or insomnia. New York magazine notes that 40% of the women said the symptoms impacted their relationships, and 33% said it affected their work.

“At the moment there is no routine follow-up appointment for women who have suffered a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy,” notes lead author Dr. Jessica Farren. “We have checks in place for postnatal depression,” and the research suggests the same should be true for those who experience a pregnancy loss.

Allergy tests before trying peanuts

Most of the time, parents can safely feed peanuts to babies on their own, but infants with a history of allergies should still get a checkup first, a research review confirms.

“If your infant has a history of an allergic disorder (i.e. eczema, food allergy), we would recommend that he/she be evaluated for a peanut allergy by an allergist, before introducing a peanut containing product at home,” said lead study author Dr. Sara Anvari of Texas Children’s Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine in Houston.

“Also, when introducing peanuts at home, do not introduce whole peanuts as they can be a choking hazard,” Anvari added by email.

Reports of peanut allergies have increased more than three-fold among U.S. children in the last 20 years, Anvari and colleagues note in JAMA Pediatrics.

During this time, feeding guidelines have moved away from telling parents to avoid introducing some foods that can cause allergies until kids are 2 or 3 years old, and stopped telling women to avoid peanuts when they’re pregnant or nursing. But many recommendations still stop short of urging parents to give babies eggs and peanuts early in life.

For the current analysis, researchers summarized research published since 2008, when the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) revised its guidelines for peanut introduction to note there’s no evidence to suggest waiting longer than six months could reduce the risk for allergies to this food.

After these guidelines and other similar recommendations came out, a shift in thinking about peanuts came courtesy of a study of 640 babies in the U.K. who were already at high risk for nut allergies because they had eczema or an egg allergy already, researchers note.

This U.K. experiment compared the effects of giving some babies a 6-gram dose of peanut each week to strict peanut avoidance in children over a five-year period. All of the kids in the study got skin tests to determine if they developed a peanut allergy.

At age 5, about 14 percent of the kids who avoided nuts had a peanut allergy compared with roughly 2 percent of the children who got an early taste of this food.

Based on these results, some proposed guidelines may be shifting toward early introduction of peanuts even in babies with a history of other allergies, the authors note.

But when these high risk babies get that first taste of peanuts, they should have it in a clinical setting with lab tests to check for allergic reactions before parents offer peanuts to children at home, the researchers point out.