Bowel disease on rise in US

unduhan-26More than 3 million U.S. adults may have inflammatory bowel disease, according to a new government estimate. That’s nearly triple the number of some previous estimates, the researchers said.

The new estimate is based on a national survey conducted by researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Survey respondents were asked whether a doctor or other health professional had ever told them that they had either Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, which are the two types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Based on the responses, the researchers estimated that 1.3 percent of U.S. adults, or 3.1 million Americans, have IBD.

People with IBD have chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. Patients often have abdominal pain, cramping, fatigue and diarrhea. They may also have a poor quality of life, as they often have complications and need to be hospitalized or undergo surgery, the report said.

“According to this report, the prevalence of IBD is much higher than previously estimated,” said Dr. Siddharth Singh, a gastroenterologist and clinical assistant professor of medicine at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.

Knowing the

How much less time

unduhan-27People who want to keep weight off are often told to exercise more, but simply spending less time sitting down, and more time doing light activities, like taking a stroll around the office, may also help people maintain their weight loss, a new study suggests.

In the study, researchers analyzed information from 30 people who had lost at least 30 pounds (13.6 kilograms) and kept it off for at least a year. The study also included 33 people whose weight was in the normal range, and 27 people who were overweight or obese.

All participants wore an activity-tracking device for one week. The small, rectangular device, called ActivPAL, sticks to the skin on the thigh, and is particularly good at distinguishing when people are standing versus sitting or lying down, said study researcher Danielle Ostendorf, a doctoral candidate in epidemiology at the Colorado School of Public Health, who presented the findings here this week at the meeting of the American Public Health Association. (The device is known as an inclinometer, which measures the angle or tilt of an object.)

Giving birth may make your cells older

unduhan-25Women who give birth may be biologically “older” than women who don’t, a new study suggests.

For the study, the researchers analyzed information from 1,556 U.S. women ages 20 to 44 who took part in a national survey from 1999 to 2002, which involved giving blood samples.

The researchers looked at the genetic material inside the women’s cells, specifically the length of their telomeres. These are caps on the ends of chromosomes that protect the chromosomes from damage. Telomeres naturally shorten as people age, but the structures don’t shorten at the same rate in every person. The longer a person’s telomeres are, the more times their cells could hypothetically still divide, research has shown. Thus, telomeres are considered a marker of biological age — that is, the age of a person’s cells, rather than the individual’s chronological age.

Women in the survey who said they’d given birth to at least one child had telomeres that were about 4 percent shorter, on average, than those of women who’d never given birth. The findings held even after the researchers took into account other factors that could affect telomere

Tips when eating out in a restaurant

Eating out can be a dieter’s biggest challenge. A restaurant’s goal is to make food as tasty as possible without regard to health or calorie content. Healthy people need to be healthy food detectives when eating out.

Here is a guide on what to choose when eating out at your favorite cuisines without sacrificing your weight loss efforts.

Italian restaurant: Start with a soup, starter salad and finish with grilled fish.

Soups and salads are excellent ways to fill up at restaurants without filling up on calories. Minestrone soup is packed with filling vegetables and flavor and has 100 calories less than a cream based soup. A house salad is a great starter as well. Non-starchy vegetables are low in calories, at about 30 calories per cup, and are high in fiber and contain beneficial compounds known as phytonutrients. Be sure to ask for your dressing on the side and dip your fork first in the dressing and then in the salad.

For your main course, choose: grilled, poached or roasted fish, rather than breaded or fried, to avoid extra fat and carbohydrates. If you must have dessert, order a small portion of fresh

Fashion show after cancer battle

An 8-year-old recently declared cancer-free will walk in an upcoming fashion show on Saturday to benefit the National Pediatric Cancer Foundation. Mia Furrer, who underwent four months of aggressive treatment after being diagnosed with stage 3 Hodgkin’s lymphoma, will take the stage dressed as a nurse, which is what she wants to be when she grows up, WSOC-TV reported.

“It’s my favorite career because I want to help other children who are just like me,” Furrer told the news station.

She’ll be one of eight children participating in the Charlotte Fashion Funds the Cure, which will also include models from Dillard’s. Mia’s mother, Marianna, said the show is important for daughter because she wants to instill pride in her.

“I just want her to be confident,” Marianna told WSOC-TV. “It’s OK to lose hair, lose weight. Not everyone is the ideal child, but I want her to know she can be herself.”

he amount of calories required for the involuntary processes in a body at rest is called the basal metabolic rate, and it accounts for around 70 percent of our daily caloric expenditures. The BMR varies for each person based on sex, age,

Possibly exposed to Ebola from pigs

An employee in a high-level Canadian laboratory may have been accidentally exposed to the Ebola virus on Monday after working with pigs who were infected with the virus as part of an experiment, government officials said on Tuesday.

Men will now have the perfect response the next time someone tells them to watch their language around ladies. A new study finds women—British women, at least—are more likely to utter the F-bomb than men.

Surprised? Researchers aren’t. As part of a larger study of the English language to be completed in 2018, they surveyed 376 people and found women said “f—” 167 times out of every million words in the early 1990s, while men said the word 1,000 times per million words.

As of 2014, however, female use of the word had jumped more than 300% to 546 times per million words, while men cut their use nearly in half, to 540 times per million words, Refinery29 reports, per the Times, which labels women the “swearer sex.” Women are also more likely than men to say “sh–,” say researchers at Lancaster University and Cambridge University Press.

This was also the case

Followed by PTSD

Many women report feeling isolated and alone after experiencing a miscarriage, and now research out of Imperial College London finds that many who suffer one fulfill the diagnostic criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Reporting in the journal BMJ Open, the researchers noted their survey of 113 women who had experienced early pregnancy loss “surprised” them: The researchers found 38% of those women met the criteria for probably PTSD three months after their loss.

Those women who suffered a miscarriage versus an ectopic pregnancy, where the fetus develops outside the womb, were more likely to report PTSD symptoms at that point: 45% to 18%, respectively.

Distressing or frightening events can trigger PTSD, which can involve flashbacks, nightmares, or intrusive thoughts and is often characterized by anger, depression, or insomnia. New York magazine notes that 40% of the women said the symptoms impacted their relationships, and 33% said it affected their work.

“At the moment there is no routine follow-up appointment for women who have suffered a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy,” notes lead author Dr. Jessica Farren. “We have checks in place for postnatal depression,” and the research suggests the same should be true for

Friendships be saved once election ends

To re-friend or not to re-friend? That is the question.

Social media friend lists took a serious hit during this combative presidential election when users unfriended peers that had opposing political views. Now the question is, do you re-friend those people or stay disconnected?

Renowned friendship expert Dr. Irene Levine who’s been studying the intricacies of adult friendships over the last decade, said tumultuous election cycles can permanently change the dynamic between friends.

“It can do irreparable harm to relationships… I think some people learned their friend’s values and positions in a way that wasn’t apparent before so it can really affect the relationship going forward,” the Westchester-based psychologist said.

A Monmouth University Poll backs this up— in September researchers found more than 2-in-3 voters believe this year’s presidential race has brought out the worst in people and 7 percent of voters said they’ve actually lost friends as a result.

The Gazette of Colorado Springs reports that El Paso County Public Health officials say strawberries used in margaritas at the restaurants Rancho Alegre, Mi Mexico and Guadalajara may have been contaminated with the virus.

Health officials say anyone who ate or drank

Argue with your young teen

The most formidable adversary in an argument may be a young teen.

Between the ages of 10 and 13, conflicts with parents surge. Children this age become more independent and begin to forge their identities. At the same time, brain development makes them more impulsive, sensation-seeking and sensitive to peer pressure. The tumult can take parents by surprise, especially because the period right before adolescence is often relatively harmonious.

For parents, learning how to effectively argue with tweens and young teens is crucial. Navigating disagreements over screen time and sleepovers sets the stage for conflicts over bigger issues—like sex and alcohol—that come up later.

Therapists say argumentative young teens are healthy ones. They are learning how to handle disagreements and advocate for their own point of view, skills that are critical for successfully navigating adult relationships. Arguments also indicate that children are separating from their parents and asserting themselves.

Distressing or frightening events can trigger PTSD, which can involve flashbacks, nightmares, or intrusive thoughts and is often characterized by anger, depression, or insomnia. New York magazine notes that 40% of the women said the symptoms impacted their relationships, and 33% said it affected their work.

“At the moment there is no routine follow-up appointment for

Allergy tests before trying peanuts

Most of the time, parents can safely feed peanuts to babies on their own, but infants with a history of allergies should still get a checkup first, a research review confirms.

“If your infant has a history of an allergic disorder (i.e. eczema, food allergy), we would recommend that he/she be evaluated for a peanut allergy by an allergist, before introducing a peanut containing product at home,” said lead study author Dr. Sara Anvari of Texas Children’s Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine in Houston.

“Also, when introducing peanuts at home, do not introduce whole peanuts as they can be a choking hazard,” Anvari added by email.

Reports of peanut allergies have increased more than three-fold among U.S. children in the last 20 years, Anvari and colleagues note in JAMA Pediatrics.

During this time, feeding guidelines have moved away from telling parents to avoid introducing some foods that can cause allergies until kids are 2 or 3 years old, and stopped telling women to avoid peanuts when they’re pregnant or nursing. But many recommendations still stop short of urging parents to give babies eggs and peanuts early in life.

For the current analysis,

Doctors want you to know about butt

As women, we know how important it is to take care of our vaginas. But it’s time you showed your booty some love, too. That’s why we asked some top butt doctors—a.k.a colon and rectal surgeons (the term proctologist isn’t used anymore!)—what you need to know about your behind.

“We specialize in diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus,” says Alexis Grucela, M.D., colorectal surgeon and assistant professor of surgery at NYU Langone Medical Center.  “This can range from treating malignant conditions like colon and rectal cancer, to colitis and Crohn’s disease, to benign anal conditions like hemorrhoids. And yes…we love the poop emoji.” (Heal your whole body with Rodale’s 12-day power plan for better health.)

So what do these specialized physicians want you to know about your butt? Here’s what they said.

1. DON’T WAX YOUR BUTT

“Sometimes women who do a lot of bikini waxing ask if it’s okay to wax around the anus, and I generally discourage that. It’s natural to have hair there and the skin around your anus is very sensitive. Ingrown hairs there are difficult to deal with. The smartest thing to do is leave that hair there.” —Jean Ashburn, M.D., a colorectal surgeon at Cleveland Clinic

2. THE

Helps with cold care

With technology helping people get healthier through fitness and nutrition, what about something that improves health by tackling colds? A new smart thermometer hopes to do just that.

Kinsa, the first Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-cleared, app-enabled thermometer hooks up to an app via your smartphone’s headphone jack and gives temperature readings in seconds. The app then tracks fever readings, symptoms and medication doses for each family member. It also offers guidance on what you should do next, whether it’s calling a doctor or taking medication.

Kinsa makes both an under-the-tongue and in-ear thermometer which range in price from $19.99 to $59.99.

“Everybody’s backside looks and is different. It’s also normal for women, especially after having children, to have skin tags, hemorrhoids, and swollen tissues that may remain swollen that maybe your friends don’t have. Everyone goes through life and pregnancy differently—there’s not a ‘normal.’ It’s about what’s normal for each individual person. That said, if you’re concerned about a change in how something looks, please tell me.” —Ashburn

“Preventative measures matter. Just like a Pap smear looks for abnormalities in the cervix, a colonoscopy looks for abnormalities in the colon and rectum. In general, most people should have a colonoscopy at age 50. If you

How to change prostate cancer treatment

Though many men diagnosed with prostate cancer seek a second opinion before beginning treatment, second opinions are unlikely to change their treatment decisions, according to a U.S. study.

Prostate cancer management options range from surgery and radiation to “watchful waiting.” Most men with prostate cancer are over age 65 and do not die from the disease, so treatment may not improve health or lengthen life in all cases, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

“We were surprised by the relatively large percentage of men who obtain second opinions for their prostate cancer,” said lead author Dr. Archana Radhakrishnan of Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore.

“We had thought that men who received second opinions, in general, may receive different treatment than men who did not,” she told Reuters Health by email. “What we found was that overall, men who got second opinions had similar treatments to those who did not.”

The researchers surveyed about 2,000 men who were newly diagnosed with localized prostate cancer in the Philadelphia area between 2012 and 2014. Forty percent sought a second opinion after diagnosis, often to get more information about the cancer. Only 20 percent of

Just legalized marijuana

Recreational marijuana won big at the polls on Tuesday, with California, Massachusetts, and Nevada approving those laws and Maine’s measure leaning toward yes, tripling the US population living in pot-friendly states.

The laws allow adults to grow, consume, and give away marijuana — but the patchwork of laws and marijuana’s federal status mean that it can be tricky to stay on the right side of the law.

So if your state has recently given the green light to light up, here are a few things you should know:

1. Cannabis on campus

Because most colleges get federal money, and pot is still illegal under federal law, universities — private and public — will probably prohibit you from using pot anywhere on campus. Washington State University wrote a very direct post on its website in 2012 when recreational marijuana was legalized for individuals 21 and older. “What will change on campus?” it asks. “Essentially nothing.” University policies there and at other schools prohibiting marijuana remain in place.

Read more: Marijuana and soda taxes win big, but cigarette taxes fail in several state votes

2. Riding shotgun

Driving under the influence is and will

Trump kill Obamacare

President-elect Donald Trump and the Republican Congress will have the votes to roll back huge swaths of the Affordable Care Act next year, which they have both pledged to do.

It’s impossible to know exactly what form the GOP’s health care platform will take. Trump released a health care plan during the campaign, while Republican leaders have been working on an Obamacare replacement for the last few years, as various legal threats put the law’s future in jeopardy.

Promising to repeal the most sweeping overhaul of the US health care system in a generation is one thing. But how? Here are three questions Republicans will have to answer.

What happens to the people covered by the ACA?

Upwards of 20 million people have gotten insurance coverage under the law, through private insurance purchased on its marketplaces, the expansion of Medicaid, and various provisions like the one that allows children to stay on their parents’ health plan until age 26. The nation’s uninsured rate is at a historic low.

The biggest question Trump and Republican leaders will face is what to do with them.

If the new government repeals the law’s marketplaces and the

Ramp up your metabolism

Metabolism is the body’s process of converting food into energy to run its cellular processes. Energy is needed for both voluntary actions (like walking, running, biking, even eating and drinking) and involuntary actions (like breathing, blood circulation, and cell growth).

The amount of calories required for the involuntary processes in a body at rest is called the basal metabolic rate, and it accounts for around 70 percent of our daily caloric expenditures. The BMR varies for each person based on sex, age, genetics, and physical stature; people with more muscle or larger builds typically require a higher BMR to maintain a healthy weight. The remaining 30 percent of calories are burned through the thermic effect of food, which involves not only our obvious physical activities but also the process or digesting, absorbing, and transporting food through the body.

In order to boost our metabolism, we need “active foods” like fiber-rich whole grains, and lean proteins — things that will cause your body to expend more energy to process and store the calories through a process known as dietary-induced thermogenesis. Many dieters believe that dropping their caloric intake is the key to weight loss, but the body is highly adaptable; the

Sperm smoothies boost her immunity

A single mom of two claims she beats the flu by drinking sperm smoothies.

Tracy Kiss, 29, from Buckinghamshire, puts a spoonful of her best friend’s donated semen into her drink every morning in a bid to boost her immunity.

The personal trainer, who is mom to Millicent, 9, and 4-year-old Gabriele, has previously advocated using sperm as a facial ointment

On her bizarre beverage concoction, she said: “I’d been feeling run down and had no energy, but now I’m full of beans and my mood has improved.

“It can taste really good— depending on what my friend has been eating. My other mates think I’m strange, but I don’t give a toss.”

Despite concerns, older women don’t have more complications with breast reconstruction procedures than younger women, a new U.S. study suggests.

In fact, researchers found, women over age 60 had better sexual, physical and psychosocial wellbeing than younger women after a type of reconstruction procedure that uses a woman’s own tissue to rebuild the breast.

“There is still a lingering bias among both patients and doctors that once you get to a certain age, reconstruction becomes riskier,” said senior

seen as father of cancer research dies

Umberto Veronesi, an Italian oncologist, former health minister and senator widely respected for his work on preventing and treating breast cancer, has died, his foundation said. He was 90.

Veronesi’s eponymous foundation announced his death late Tuesday, saying his final message was one of encouragement “to continue, because the world needs science and reason.”

Veronesi was internationally recognized as one of the fathers of cancer research. He advocated conservative treatment of breast cancer and his research over three decades is credited with helping hundreds of thousands of women each year to receive curative surgery, preserving the breast

His work on cancer research led him to vegetarianism and fasting, subjects of several books he wrote.

He also promoted a conservative approach to treating melanoma, adopted by the World Health Organization.

Theranos for breach of contract

Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc sued Theranos Inc on Tuesday, seeking $140 million in damages while accusing its onetime lab-testing partner of breaching a contract, according to court records.

The company’s Walgreen Co unit filed the lawsuit in federal court in Wilmington, Delaware, five months after the drugstore chain announced it was ending its relationship with Theranos.

Details of the lawsuit were unclear, as Walgreens filed it under seal, citing a confidentiality agreement between the two companies. A Walgreens spokesman declined to comment.

In a statement, Theranos said it was “disappointed” Walgreens filed the lawsuit. Theranos claimed Walgreens has “consistently failed to meet its commitments to Theranos” and mishandled the companies’ partnership

“We will respond vigorously to Walgreens’ unfounded allegations, and will seek to hold Walgreens responsible for the damage it has caused to Theranos and its investors,” Theranos said.

Theranos was founded by CEO Elizabeth Holmes in 2003 to develop a blood-testing device that would deliver quicker results using only a drop of blood.

The Palo Alto, California-based company ran into trouble after the Wall Street Journal published a series of articles beginning in October 2015 suggesting its blood-testing devices were flawed

Recreational marijuana must say ‘yes’ to regulation

As the dust from Tuesday’s historic presidential election starts to settle, it is clear to see that the American voters cast their ballots for policies based on less government regulation, for more free enterprise and for candidates who promised to give them back their voice. As an early sign of this changing tide, states California, Massachusetts and Nevada joined Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, Washington and Washington D.C. in legalizing the recreational use of marijuana.

Now, for those of you who are familiar with my opinions, you will likely recall that I am in favor of the mounting evidence that suggests there are many health benefits associated with medical marijuana for some patients. However, while I respect the results of the states’ votes, when it comes to recreational use of marijuana, I think we still have a lot to learn.

The Colorado experiment with recreational marijuana has found many adolescents being introduced to this new substance early on and often, and there are still significant concerns from health care workers who see patients that are more heavily exposed to it than others. We still don’t know the full impact on the heavy use of marijuana, especially on a young developing brain, and the consequences